Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti (Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti) is celebrated on 19th February. of Chhatrapati Shivaji Birth He was born on 19 February 1630 in Shivneri fort. His father’s name was Shahaji Bhosale and mother’s name was Jijabai. His father Shahaji Bhosale was a high official in the court of Bijapur.
Shivaji was brought up under the supervision of his mother Jijabai ji and he got the training of war and understanding of the pilot from Daduji Kondev ji. The credit for laying the foundation of the Maratha Empire goes to Chhatrapati Shivaji. The birth anniversary of Chhatrapati Shivaji is also known as Shiv Jayanti and Shivaji Jayanti.
Shivaji Jayanti is celebrated in a traditional way in Maharashtra. This day is a public holiday in Maharashtra. Shivaji is known for his bravery and strategies, which won him many wars against the Mughals. Chhatrapati Shivaji is known for Swaraj and Maratha heritage.
By 1674, Shivaji had captured all the territories which he had to give to the Mughals under the Treaty of Purandar. After the establishment of an independent Hindu nation in western Maharashtra, Shivaji wanted to do his coronation, but the Brahmins strongly opposed him. Shivaji’s personal secretary Balaji Avji took this as a challenge and he sent three messengers to a Brahmin named Gangabha in Kashi,
But Ganga rejected the offer because Shivaji was not a Kshatriya, he said that bring proof of Kshatriya only then he will do the coronation. Balaji Aav ji sent evidence of Shivaji’s connection with the Sisodia dynasty of Mewar, which satisfied him and came to Raigad.
According to Jyeshtha Shukla Trayodashi in Raigad, on 6 June 1674, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was coronated, which is one of the most glorious tales of Hindu history. The Hindus probably got their kingdom for the first time since the great Vijayanagara Empire, after hundreds of years of being enslaved by foreigners.
On that day, the coronation of Shivaji was done by the scholar Mahapandit of Kashi and the scholar of Vedas-Purana-Upanishads, Pandit Ganga Bhatt. Most of the Brahmins of that time were hesitant to crown Shivaji as Shivaji did not belong to the Kshatriya dynasty. Pandit Ganga Bhatt, after a detailed study of Shivaji’s genealogy, proved that his Bhonsle dynasty was originally a branch of the Veershrestha Sisodia dynasty of Mewar. It was believed that the Sisodia Kshatriya clan of Mewar was among the purest clans of the tradition.
Since no unbroken tradition related to coronation existed in any part of the country in those days, a group of scholars did a thorough study of the Sanskrit texts and Smritis of that time so that the best method of coronation could be used. Along with this, information was also collected from the two oldest Rajput families of India, Mewar and Amber, so that the coronation could be done in the best way.
In the morning, first of all Shivaji Maharaj did darshan-worship in major temples. Before Tilak, he worshiped Mother Tulja Bhavani and Mahadev for several consecutive days. On 6 June 1674, the main function was organized in the fort of Raigad. On either side of his throne were gold-plated elephants and horses, symbolizing royal splendor and Hindu valor, on stone-studded plinths. On the left was a beautiful idol of Nyaya Devi.
As soon as Shivaji Maharaj took the seat, the saints and mahants present started reciting the Veda mantras in a loud voice and Shivaji also bowed down to all those personalities. The hall was resonating with the slogans of Shivaji Maharaj ki Jai. The atmosphere reverberated with melodious music and the army saluted with guns in his honor. The vehicle present Pandit Ganga Bhatt proceeded towards the throne and he adorned Shivaji’s throne with the title of ‘Raja Shiv Chhatrapati’ by putting a chhatra studded with gems and rubies.
This great event has an unprecedented place in the history of India. In those days, permission was taken from the Mughal emperors before all such events, but Shivaji Maharaj organized this ceremony challenging the Mughal Empire. The title of ‘Chhatrapati’ held by him was a living symbol of this challenge. They were now more capable as the protectors of their subjects and all the agreements and treaties made by them were also now more reliable and sovereign than before.
The establishment of an independent state by Shivaji Maharaj and his coronation as the sovereign ruler filled the heart of every Hindu with pride, who had suffered, exploited, humiliated for centuries by the Mughals and other barbaric heretical rulers. This day is immortal in the history of India as it commemorates our culture of everlasting pride, sovereignty and incomparable bravery.
Some information about Shivaji (Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Biography in Hindi)
|Full Name:||Shivaji Raje Bhosale|
|surname:||Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj|
|date of birth:||19 February 1630|
|birth place:||shivneri fort|
|father’s name:||Shahaji Bhosale|
|wedding:||14 May 1640|
|Reign:||1674 – 1680|
|Coronation:||6 June 1674|
|death:||3 April 1680 Raigarh|
Shivaji Maharaj Wife & Son
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj was married on 14 May 1640 with Saibai Nimbalkar at Lal Mahal, Puna. His son’s name was Sambhaji. Sambhaji (May 14, 1657–died: March 11, 1689) was the eldest son and successor of Shivaji, who ruled from 1680 to 1689 AD. Shambhuji lacked the hard work and determination of his father. The name of Sambhaji’s wife was Yesubai. His son and successor was Rajaram.
The limits of Shivaji’s kingdom
Shivaji’s eastern border touched Bagalna in the north and then along an indefinite boundary line running between the districts of Nashik and Poona to the south, covering the whole of Satara and most of the district of Kolhapur. The regions of western Karnataka were later included. This area of Swaraj was divided into three main parts:
- The Konkan region, from Poona to Salhar, including northern Konkan, was under the control of Peshwa Moropant Pingale.
- The area of southern Konkan up to North Kanara was under Annaji Dutta.
- The districts of the southern country, which ranged from Satara to Dharwad and Kofal, came under the South Eastern region and were under the control of Dattaji Pant. These three subas were further divided into parganas and talukas. Under the parganas, there used to be more fun.
Shivaji’s Durg (Fort)
The distinctive features of the Maratha military system were forts. According to the narrators, Shivaji had 250 forts. They used to spend huge sums of money on their repairs. Shivaji captured many forts, one of which was Sinhagad fort, which he sent Tanaji to conquer. While conquering this fort, Tanaji had attained martyrdom. The forts like Chakan, Sinhagad and Purandar in Raigad (1646) also came under their authority under the state boundaries of the Sultan of Bijapur.
death anniversary of shivaji maharaj
Shivaji Maharaj died on 03 April 1680, he was very ill at the last moment. In history, many people say about the death of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj that Maharaj was poisoned to death by his chieftains and many have expressed suspicion on Maharaj’s second wife Soyarabai of giving poison to Shivaji Maharaj. This belief was further strengthened when after the death of Shiva ji, Soyarabai’s brother Hamir Rao Mohite supported Sambha ji in the fight for the successor. However, there is no historical evidence that Soyarabai is the reason for the death of Shivaji Maharaj.
Many historians have also written about the conflict between Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj and his son Sambha ji. It is also true that in the last days of his life, Shivaji Maharaj had ordered to keep Sambha ji imprisoned in the fort, in fact Sambha ji and Shivaji It did not settle among the trusted chieftains of Maharaj, so this Sardar used to fill Shivaji Maharaj’s ears against Sambha ji. The second episode of this rift was Maharaj ji’s second wife and Sambha ji’s step mother Soyrabai Mohite ji with her son in place of Sambha ji. Rajaram wanted to become the heir of the kingdom.
In 1680, Shivaji Maharaj called this world goodbye. After which Soyarabai put 10 years old Rajaram on the throne with the help of Sardars like Moropant Pingale and Bala ji, although most of the Sardars were not ready to accept Rajaram as the heir of Maharaj, attacked Rajaram with
In this battle, Soyarabai’s brother also supported her, Sambha ji won the war and she imprisoned Rajaram and Soyarabai. Rajaram was imprisoned for nine years and Soyarabai was murdered. It is said that Sambha ji also suspected that the death of Shivaji Maharaj was done under a conspiracy.
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