[PDF] Complete Notes of English Grammar ‘Parts Of Speech’ | Download


[PDF] Complete Notes of English Grammar ‘Parts Of Speech’ | Download

Parts of Speech, Types, Definition, Examples and Practice sets pdf download of English Grammar 

Downloadpdfnotes provides you important English grammar notes. Today’s topic is ‘Parts of Speech’. Types of Speech in English and How They Are Used in English Language and Grammar. So you read this article and pay attention.

English Grammar: Parts Of Speech

There are 8 parts of speech in the English language:

  • I.    Noun
  • II.    Pronoun
  • III.    Verb
  • IV.    Adjective
  • V.    Adverb
  • VI.    Preposition
  • VII.    Conjunction
  • VIII.    Interjection

Noun (संज्ञा)

Definition: A noun is the name of any person, place, or thing.

A noun is a word for a person, place, thing, or idea. Nouns are often used with an article (the, a, an), but not always. Proper nouns always start with a capital letter; common nouns do not. Nouns can be singular or plural, concrete or abstract. 

Nouns show possession by adding ‘s. Nouns can function in different roles within a sentence; for example, a noun can be a subject, direct object, indirect object, subject complement, or object of a preposition.

Examples of Noun:

Cow, Boy, Taj Mahal, Happiness, Ganga

Pronoun (सर्वनाम)

Definition: A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun.

A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun. A pronoun is usually substituted for a specific noun, which is called its antecedent. In the sentence above, the antecedent for the pronoun she is the girl.

  • I.    Pronouns are further defined by type:
  • II.    Personal pronouns refer to specific persons or things;
  • III.    Possessive pronouns indicate ownership;
  • IV.    Reflexive pronouns are used to emphasize another noun or pronoun;
  • V.    Relative pronouns introduce a subordinate clause;
  • VI.    Demonstrative pronouns identify, point to, or refer to nouns.

Examples of Pronoun:

I, we, you, they

Verb (क्रिया)

Definition: “A verb expresses action or being.”

A verb in a sentence expresses an action or being. There is a main verb and sometimes one or more auxiliary verbs.
A verb must agree with its subject in number (both are singular or both are plural). Verbs also take various forms to express tenses.

Examples of Verb:

Is, have, see, go etc.

Adjective (विशेषण)

“An adjective modifies or describes a noun or pronoun”

An adjective is a word that is used to modify or describe a noun or pronoun. It usually answers the question of which, what kind or how much.

Example of Adjective:

Black, White, fat etc.

Adverb (क्रिया-विशेषण)

“An adverb modifies or describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.”

An adverb describes or modifies a verb, adjective, or any other adverb, but never a noun. It usually answers questions like when, where, how, why, under what circumstances or to what extent. Adverbs often end in -ly.

Examples of Adverb:

Slowly, smoothly etc.

Preposition (संबन्धवाचक)

“A preposition is a word placed before a noun or pronoun to form a phrase modifying another word in the sentence.”

A preposition is a word placed before a noun or pronoun that modifies another word in a sentence. Therefore a preposition is always part of a prepositional phrase. The prepositional phrase almost always functions as an adjective or adverb.

Examples of Preposition:

On, in, with, out etc.

Conjunction (संयुक्तवाचक)

“A conjunction joins words, phrases, or clauses.”

A conjunction joins words, phrases, or clauses, and indicates the relationship between the elements joined.

  • I.    Coordinating conjunctions connect grammatically equal elements: and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet, etc.
  • II.    Subordinating conjunctions connect clauses that are not equal: because, although, while, since, etc.

There are some other types of conjunctions as well.

Examples of Conjunction:

Because, although, while etc.

Interjection (विस्मयाधिबोधक)

“An interjection is a word used to express emotion.”

Interjection is a word that is used to express feelings. It is often followed by an exclamation mark.

Examples of Interjection:

Oops! Oh! Wow!

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