Guru Nanak’s biography, sermons | Guru Nanak Ji Biography in Hindi


There have been 10 gurus in the Sikh sect, of which the first is Guru Nanak and the last is Guru Gobind Singh. Nanak ji is known as the first Adi Guru of the Sikhs. The literal meaning of the word Sikh is disciple, that is, those who bring the teachings of Nanak ji in their life and in their behavior like a disciple, they are Sikhs. Guru Nanak ji has always been devoted to humanity and in his life he has described humanity as the biggest religion.

Guru Nanak, who did not fully agree with all the religions of Hindu or Muslim, Nana Ji considered idol worship as unnecessary, did not support himself in starvation, fasting, worship, etc. He believed that before all these things, we should give priority to the works of charity and social welfare and should always try to remove the suffering of others.

About Guru Nanak Ji (Guru Nanak Ji Biography in Hindi)

Sikhism was founded by Guru Nanak in the 15th century. This was the period when people felt that in order to get closer to God, they should leave worldly attachment and go into meditation, austerity or sanyasa, only then they would be able to attain God. The founding of Sikhism was an attack on this contradictory thinking of the people, in which Guru Nanak, through his devotees, emphasized that the worldly life is no obstacle to the spiritual life of man.

Even while leading a worldly or household life, one can adopt a spiritual life and get closer to God. There was a time when people used to think that to attain God, God can be attained only by tormenting themselves in the mountains or forests or by doing penance. There Nanak ji told that in reality God does not meet himself by causing suffering but by removing the sufferings of others.

Where people believed that the world is an illusion, in order to reach God, we have to leave this illusion, the same Nanak ji thought that the world is a truth and a karmabhoomi, where we have come to perform actions by the will of God, that is, we One should not forget his human form of work, one should not turn his back on his duty. So overall he has taught the society to do charity, remove the misery of others and work for the welfare of the society.

Guru Nanak Ji Birth & Family

Guru Nanak Ji was born in a village called Talwandi situated on the banks of river Ravi. Guru Nanak was born on the full moon day of Kartika and was born in a Khatri clan. He was born in the year 1469 but there is no proper proof of his date of birth but the prevailing date Kartik Purnima It is the same which falls 14 days after Diwali in October-November. Therefore some people believe that he was born on 15 April 1469. His father’s name was Mehta Kalu Chand Khatri and mother’s name was Tripta Devi.

Education of Guru Nanak

Since childhood, he has been a child of a special intellect, but he never felt like reading and writing and he always used to discuss the questions of the spiritual world, because of this his teacher himself came to drop him home and about 7-8 He dropped out of school at the age of one. After this he spent all his time in spiritual charity and satsang and then proceeded on this path.

Guru Nanak ji’s spirituality was completely ostentatious and very simple, he used to give special importance to humanity and philanthropy, the evidence of which is also seen in an incident of his childhood, when Guru Nanak ji was only 9 years old, then his janeu sanskar. had to happen. At the time, Guru Nanak ji refused to wear the thread, he said that when a person leaves this world, this thread made of kapal remains here. On this, when he was asked what type of such thread is, he said –

“Daya Kapah Santokh Soot Jat Gandi Sat Butt
Eh janeu jia ka hai tan paden ghat”

That is, for making this thread, when the cotton thread, cotton, the cotton, the knot, and the force of the enemy, has been used, sometimes the thread of the soul is formed here and by wearing these people, a person does good deeds, then he automatically does good deeds. The gold becomes of the caste and that thread remains with us even till the Supreme Soul.

In this way we can see that since childhood, Guru Nanak ji has been on the path of truth, good benevolence and humanity. Who later founded Sikhism.

Guru Nanak Ji Marriage

Guru Nanak was married in childhood itself. At the age of 16, he was married to Sulakhni, a girl living in a place called Lakhauki of Gurdaspur district. When he was 32 years old, his first son was born, who was named Shri Chand. This Srichand later became the originator of the Udasi sect; Four years after the birth of Srichand, his second son was born, who was named Lakhmidas.

After some time, leaving the burden of his family on his father-in-law, he left for pilgrimage with his four companions. After this, he started roaming around, mainly he visited the main places of India, Afghanistan, Paras and Arabia. These journeys of his are called Udasiyaan in Punjabi.

Death of Guru Nanak Ji

Guru Nanak ji continued to preach humanity till the last moments of his life and people were also greatly influenced by his ideas, he showed a new path to the society, while living a householder life, he adopted spirituality in his life and followed humanity completely. He established a town named Kartarpur which is now in Pakistan and built a big Dharamshala in it, on this place he died on 22 September 1539 AD and went to the next world.

Guru Nanak’s teachings

Guru Nanak ji made many efforts to remove the evils of education in the society, which is evident from the teachings given by him. Some of the main teachings given by him are as follows:

  • Untouchability i.e. casteism should be eradicated from Hindu society.
  • Out of hard earned money and honesty, something should also be given to the needy.
  • Idol worship etc., superstition and hypocrisy in the name of religion should be destroyed.
  • One should stay away from intoxicants like smoking, non-vegetarian etc.
  • Don’t think of doing bad deeds and don’t hurt anyone.
  • All men and women are equal.
  • Let all unitedly fight the crises on the country, caste and religion.

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