Climate of Chhattisgarh | Climate of Chhattisgarh


Chhattisgarh India Tropical monsoon climate is found here, the Tropic of Cancer passes through Balrampur, Surajpur and Koriya districts in the northern part of the state. Being situated on the Tropic of Cancer, Chhattisgarh is a hot state where the month of May is the hottest.

December – January are the coldest months. The average rainfall here is 1200 mm throughout the year. 94 percent of the rain comes from the monsoon between June and October. Chhattisgarh usually receives 60 to 80 days of rain in a year.

Seasons in Chhattisgarh

There are mainly three seasons:

Summer season

  • The summers in Chhattisgarh are hot and dry.
  • After March 21, the sun’s rays fall straight vertically in the northern hemisphere, due to which the temperature increases.
  • It experiences scorching heat in April and May and humid due to clouds in July to October.
  • The month of May is the hottest month, the maximum temperature is recorded in Champa and Raigad.
  • The hottest place is Champa.

winter season

  • Winters here are cold and dry.
  • After 21st September, the position of the Sun starts becoming Dakshinayan, and the Sun’s rays start falling obliquely.
  • It is coldest in December and January
  • Pendra, Mainpat, Jashpur, located in the hilly parts, are the areas with the lowest temperature, this is due to the high altitude above sea level and the abundance of forest.

Rainy Season

  • The nature of rainfall in Chhattisgarh is monsoonal, the rainy seasons are hot and humid.
  • 90 percent of the rain comes from the southwest monsoon winds.
  • On June 21, there is a vertical position of the Sun near the Tropic of Cancer, due to which there is an increase in heat and temperature, a situation of low air pressure is created.
  • Monsoon winds are attracted from the southern part of the Indian Ocean and it rains.
  • The average rainfall in the state is about 120-125 cm. m. it occurs .
  • Chhattisgarh receives minimum rainfall near Maikal mountain range, it is called rain shadow region, Rajnandgaon and Kawardha district.
  • Bhanupratappur, Jashpur tehsils have the highest average annual rainfall.
  • District wise maximum rainfall occurs in Jashpur
  • The lowest rainfall occurs in Kawardha district.
  • Abujhmad of Narayanpur district is the rainiest area of ​​the state.
Rainy Season Summer season winter season
Duration– 16 June – 15 October Duration– 16th February – 15th June Duration– 16 October – 15 February
arrival of monsoon– mid-June hottest month– May coldest month– December
Average Rainfall (Annual) –1300-1325 mm Hottest place –Champa coldest placePendra Mainpath (Ambikapur)
Most of the monsoon rainin the Bay of Bengal branch Highest average temperatureIn Raigad and Janjgir district Minimum average temperatureJashpur Nagar
Areas with minimum rainfall –Macal Range (Kawardha) winter rain –from the western trough

Characteristics of the climate of Chhattisgarh

  • The tropical monsoon climate is found mainly in Chhattisgarh.
  • The spread of climate in Chhattisgarh is through the sub-continent
  • 23.30 north latitude (the Tropic of Cancer) passes through the northern districts of the state, Korea, Surajpur and Balrampur.
  • Whereas 82.30 East longitude which is the mean line of India passes through Chhattisgarh.
  • Monsoon arrival in Chhattisgarh usually –10 – 15 Juneoccurs in the middle
  • Due to the crossing of the Tropic of Cancer, Chhattisgarh is hot in summers and moderately cold in winters.
  • Average rainfall (annual) in Chhattisgarh –1300 -1325 millimetersit occurs
  • Chhattisgarh is a landlocked state. Because of this, the climate here is of continental type.
  • Highest rainfall area of ​​Chhattisgarh i.e. of ChhattisgarhCherrapunji – Abujhmad है
  • Minimum rainfall area of ​​Chhattisgarh –Mekal Range (in Kawardha District)

Read also:

  • Geography of Chhattisgarh
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