28 states and capital of India (Bharat ke Rajya aur Rajdhani) | 28 States and Capitals of India in Hindi


Bharat ke Rajya aur Rajdhani (28 States and Capitals of India in Hindi) The 28 states of India and their capitals are as follows:

State Capital
Arunachal Pradesh itanagar
Assam Dispur
Uttar Pradesh Lucknow
Uttarakhand Dehradun
Odisha Bhubaneswar
Andra Pradesh Amravati / Hyderabad
Karnataka Bangalore
Kerala Thiruvananthapuram
Goa Grandmother
Gujarat Gandhinagar
Chhattisgarh Raipur
Jharkhand Ranchi
Tamil Nadu Chennai
Telangana Hyderabad
Tripura Agartala
Nagaland Kohima
West Bengal Kolkata
Punjab Chandigarh
A state in Eastern India Patna
Manipur Imphal
Madhya Pradesh Bhopal
Maharashtra Mumbai
Mizoram Aizawl
Meghalaya shillong
Rajasthan Jaipur
Sikkim gangtok
Haryana Chandigarh
Himachal Pradesh Shimla

State and Capital of India (Bharat ke Rajya aur Rajdhani)

Andra Pradesh

  • Located in the southern region of India, Andhra Pradesh is reputed for its distinct culture and fine arts.
  • The state is mostly dominated by Telugu speaking people.
  • The places that are tourist attractions in the state include Lord Venkateswara Temple in Tirupati, Nagarjuna Konda in Nagarjunasagar, Araku Valley and Borra Caves in Visakhapatnam, Amaravati in Vijayawada.

Arunachal Pradesh

  • Listed as the most attractive state in India, Arunachal Pradesh is characterized by lofty mountains and snow-capped peaks.
  • Home to many tribes and sub-tribes, the population of Arunachal Pradesh consists mostly of people of Asian descent.

Assam

  • Situated in north-eastern India, Assam is awash in natural beauty.
  • The population of Assam is said to be a mixture of people of Tibetan, Aryan and Burmese origin.
  • The population of Assam is made up of several tribes who believe in celebrating all religious festivals with equal enthusiasm.
  • However, the most popular one festival in Assam is Bihu.

A state in Eastern India

  • Situated in eastern India, Bihar boasts of a rich cultural heritage dating back to ancient India.
  • The people of Bihar live and co-exist in peace and harmony.
  • Festivals celebrated in the state include Chhath Puja (the most famous festival of this state), Shravani Mela, Sonepur cattle fair, Makar Sankranti fair, Buddha Jayanti.

Chhattisgarh

  • Chhattisgarh is a state located in central India and is famous as a source of electricity and steel.
  • The state is gifted with a rich cultural heritage and attracts tourists.

Gujarat

  • Known as the ‘Jewel of the West’, Gujarat is located in the western part of India.
  • it is historically Indus Valley Civilization It is one of the main centers of
  • Garba and Dandiya Raas are the famous dance forms of the state
  • Musical ragas like Lati, Todi, and Khambawati originated here.

Haryana

  • Haryana was carved out of Punjab and declared a separate state on 1 November 1966.
  • Haryana has a significant contribution in the history of India.
  • There are many important sites in the state which belong to the Indus Valley Civilization and the Vedic Civilization.
  • The great war of Indian history- Mahabharata was also fought here in Kurukshetra.
  • The people of the state have kept alive their old cultural and social customs till now.
  • Haryana is the birthplace of many national level players like Vijender Singh Beniwal, Sushil Kumar, Saina Nehwal, Ajay Jadeja and many more.

Himachal Pradesh

  • Himachal Pradesh is a popular state known for its beauty and grandeur.
  • Earlier it was also known as ‘Devbhoomi’ which means abode of the gods.
  • It is a tourist center and attracts tourists from different parts of the world.
  • The major attractions are adventure sports which the state offers like paragliding, ice skating, rafting and many more.

Jharkhand

  • Also known as the ‘Land of the Forest’,
  • Jharkhand is rich in mineral resources like mica, bauxite, iron, coal, copper, etc.
  • It is a tribal dominated state
  • The people here consider nature as an important part of them.

Karnataka

  • Karnataka is located in south-west India and is bounded by the Arabian Sea and the Lakshadweep Sea (Lakshadweep Sea).
  • There are different races in the state on the basis of language and religion.
  • Ancient temples, attractive hills, modern infrastructure, beaches and forests, Karnataka has a wide array of all these features.

Kerala

  • Popularly known as “God’s Own Country”,
  • Kerala is a state located in the south-west of India.
  • It is popular for its spices and rubber production.
  • It is one of the major producers of fish in India.
  • The culture of the state is cosmopolitan in nature and has distinctive art, lifestyle, architecture, language and literature.
  • Dance and music are integral parts of the state.
  • Various dance forms like Kathakali, Koodiyattam, Mohiniyattam. And Carnatic music holds an important place among Keralites.

Madhya Pradesh

  • Madhya Pradesh is located in Central India and is also known as the ‘Heart of India’ due to its geographical location.
  • There are many tribes, castes and ethnic groups in the state and the majority of the population practices Hinduism.
  • Folk and classical music have a prominent place among the people of Madhya Pradesh.
  • Maihar gharana, Seniya gharana and Gwalior gharana are some of the famous classical music gharana of this Indian state.

Maharashtra

  • Located in the western region of the country, Maharashtra is the second most populous state in India.
  • Historically, Maharashtra has existed since the 3rd century and has been an industrial, commercial and trade center till date.
  • Both, Hindi and Marathi film industries are located in the state which attracts many people.
  • Ganesh Chaturthi is the main festival which is celebrated with full enthusiasm and pomp.

Manipur

  • Manipur is a state located in the north-eastern region of India.
  • People of many cultures like Mizo, Kuki, Naga live in Manipur.
  • Manipuris are very warm in nature and women in the state enjoy a high position in the society.
  • Since ancient times, the theater has been an important part of the state’s Lai Haraoba festivals.

Meghalaya

  • Meghalaya literally means ‘abode of clouds’ and is situated between Assam and Bangladesh.
  • About 70% of the state’s area is forested and the forests here receive abundant rainfall and support a large variety of flora and fauna.
  • There are three major tribes residing in Meghalaya – Jaintias, Khasi and Garos.
  • Lakes, hills, gardens, waterfalls, rivers and peaks add to the beauty of Meghalaya.

Mizoram

  • Mizoram is popularly known as the ‘Land of the Highlanders’ and is one of the states of North-East India.
  • Tribal groups constitute about 95% of the state’s population.
  • Majority of the population of the state practices Christianity.
  • The minority population includes Hindus, Muslims and Buddhists.
  • Dance and music are an important part of the celebrations and celebrations for the people of the state.

Nagaland

  • Nagaland is one of the “Seven Sister States” of India.
  • There are 16 tribes in the state and each tribe is distinctive in terms of language, dress and traditions.
  • Christianity is the main religion of the state with the majority of the population belonging to the Baptist group.
  • Nagaland is also known as the land of festivals.

Odisha

  • Also known as the ‘Land of Temples’,
  • Odisha is located on the eastern coast of India.
  • In ancient times, Odisha became popular due to the bloodshed of Kalinga which was fought under the Mauryan king Ashoka.
  • It is popular for handloom textiles and handicrafts.
  • The traditional Odissi dance depicts the love between Lord Krishna and his beloved Radha.

Punjab

  • The ‘Land of the Five Rivers’, Punjab is located in the North-West region of India.
  • Punjab clearly demarcates India from Pakistan.
  • The state is popular all over the world for its rich and colorful culture.
  • Punjabis are known for their flamboyant and rich lifestyle.
  • Tourism in the state revolves around historical places, war sites and pilgrimage sites.
  • The Golden Temple of Amritsar is one of the most visited places by tourists from all over the world.

Rajasthan

  • It is the largest state of India in terms of area.
  • Rajasthan is also known as the ‘Land of Kings’.
  • The culture of the state is very rich and artistic.
  • The royalty and prosperity of Rajasthan attracts a large number of tourists every year.
  • Palaces, forts, temples and the Thar Desert are the most attractive places in the state.

Sikkim

  • Sikkim is a state located in the north-eastern region of India and is the least populous state in the country.
  • Sikkim touches borders with three neighboring countries – China, Bhutan and Nepal.
  • Its culture is a mixture of Hinduism and Buddhism and many Buddhist festivals such as Losong, Teshi, Lhabsol, Dasain etc. are widely celebrated in every part of the state.

Tamil Nadu

  • Tamil Nadu is located in the southernmost region of India.
  • Tamil people are very fond of dance, music and literature.
  • Bharatanatyam dance form and Carnatic music have developed here over the ages.
  • Tamil Nadu has the largest tourism industry in the country.
  • Hindu temples, beaches, hills and national parks and wildlife sanctuaries delight tourists.

Telangana

  • The 28th state of India, Telangana came into existence on 2 June 2014.
  • Earlier it was a part of Andhra Pradesh.
  • The culture of the state is inspired by the Persians, Mughals and Nizams.
  • Diwali, Ganesh Chaturthi, Eid-ul-Fitr, Bakra-Eid are some of the religious festivals celebrated in the state.
  • Monuments, temples and waterfalls are the major tourist attractions in the state.

Tripura

  • Tripura is one of the ‘Seven Sisters’ states of India and shares its borders with Bangladesh, Mizoram and Assam.
  • The Sanskrit name Tripura is associated with Sundari, the presiding deity of Tripura.
  • There are many ethnic groups in the state such as Tripuri, Garo, Munda, Oran and as many as 14.
  • The state has a lot of bamboo and canister handicrafts. popular.

Uttar Pradesh

  • Uttar Pradesh is literally known as the ‘Northern Province’.
  • The culture of the state has its roots in its art, literature, history and traditions. The Kumbh Mela organized in the state attracts a large number of tourists from all over the country.
  • The Taj Mahal in Agra which is one of the seven wonders of the world attracts tourists from all over the world.
  • Be it forts, monuments or pilgrimage centers, Uttar Pradesh has a lot to offer to tourists.

Uttarakhand

  • Uttarakhand, also known as ‘Devbhoomi’ (Land of the Gods), is a state located in northern India.
  • The society of the state is a heterogeneous mix of different ethnic groups from the Garhwal and Kumaon regions.
  • Music is an important element of the state’s culture and people sing folk songs during festive and festive times.

West Bengal

  • It is located in the north-eastern part of the country.
  • Bhutia, Lepcha, Santal and Orans are some of the tribal communities here.
  • Rabindra Sangeet, Nazrul Geeti, Gombhira Geet-sangeet are the musical styles of Bishnupuri state.
  • Durga Puja is the most famous festival in the state.

Goa

  • Situated along the Malabar Coast of India, Goa is arguably the best beach in India.
  • Inhabited by a mix of Christians and Hindus, the culture of Goa is unique in its own way.
  • Known as the most happening states in India, it is home to fun and easy-going people. The major attraction of the state is its long expanse of pristine beaches.

Union Territory and Capital of India (Bharat ke kendra shasit pradesh)

Union Territory Capital
Delhi New Delhi
Dadra and Nagar Haveli silvassa
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Port Blair
Lakshadweep Kavaratti
Daman and Diu Diu
Chandigarh Chandigarh
Puducherry Pondicherry
Jammu and Kashmir Srinagar (Summer)
Jammu (Winter)
Ladakh Leh

See also

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